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Verified Geography 2017/2018 waec questions & answers

By | On April 5, 2017 (4 months ago)

VERIFIED OBJ 

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THEORY=NOTE: ANSWER 4 ONLY Qis ESTIONS ONLY<<<

(1ai)

ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY

-Advanced technology has has helped in the

provision of more efficient farming equipment like

tractors,planters to increase the food production

-It has also led to the development of chemicals

such as insecticides,pesticides to control pests

and diseases

-New crop varieties and animal breeds with early

maturity and high yied have been developed

(1aii)

IMPROVED MEDICAL CARE

-It has promoted excess births over deaths

-It has a good knowledge of the causes of

infections and diseases and how to prevent them

has lead to increase in population

-Better sanitation which has helped to check

outbreak and spread of diseases has led to

population increase

(1b)

-Relief: Jara is located in lowland with deep

volcanic and alluvial plains which favours the

cultivation of crops and habitations

-Favourable climate: This area has moderate

temperate and abundant rainfall throughout the

year and is supported by irrigation for the

cultivation of crops

-Fertile soil: Jara is blessed with rich volcanic

alluvial soils which favours the growth of many

crops

-Intensive agriculture:The soil is intensively and

continously cultivated because of its fertility for the

growth of rice and other crops

===============================

(2ai)

URBAN:

-Industrial function

-Commercial function

-Administrative function

RURAL:

-Agricultural function

-Lumbering function

-Fishing function

(2b)

-Provision of food:Urban areas depend on

rural areas for food stuffs

-Unskilled labour supply:Unskilled labour

supply usually come from rural to urban

industries

-Medicinal herbs:Medicinal herbs and roots

are usually bought from rural to urban

areas for phamaceuticals

2c)

i)Rural areas provide urban areas with food

ii)Rural areas provide urban areas with

unskilled labour

iii)urban area provide rural areas with

manufactured goods

iv)urban area provide rural areas with

higher education

v)Rural areas provide urban areas with raw

materials

===============================

(3b)

-Labour

-Transport

-Market

-Water

-Site

-Climate

((((OR))))

3B)

Factors Influencing Industrial Location

1. Availability of raw materials: In

determining

the location of an industry, nearness to

sources

of raw material is of vital importance.

2. Availability of Labour: Adequate supply of

cheap and skilled labour is necessary for and

industry. The attraction of an industry

towards

labour centres depends on the ratio of

labour cost

to the total cost of production which Weber

calls

‘Labour cost of Index’.

3. Proximity to Markets: Access to markets is

an

important factor which the entrepreneur

must

take into consideration. Industries

producing

perishable or bulky commodities which

cannot be

transported over long distance are generally

located in close proximity to markets.

Industries

located near the markets could be able to

reduce

the costs of transport in distributing the

finished

product as in the case of bread and bakery,

ice,

tins, cans manufacturing, etc. Accessibility

of

markets is more important in the case of

industries manufacturing consumer goods

rather

than producer goods.

4. Transport Facilities: Transport facilities,

generally, influence the location of

industry. The

transportation with its three modes, i.e.,

water,

road, and rail collectively plays an

important role.

So the junction points of water-ways,

roadways

and railways become humming centres of

industrial activity. Further, the modes and

rates of

transport and transport policy of

Government

considerably affect the location of

industrial units.

The heavy concentration of cotton textile

industry

in Bombay has been due to the cheap and

excellent transportation network both in

regard to

raw materials and markets.

5. Power: Another factor influencing the

location

of an industry is the availability of cheap

power.

Water, wind, coal, gas, oil and electricity

are the

chief sources of power. Both water and wind

power were widely sought at sources of

power

supply before the invention of steam engine.

During the nineteenth century, nearness to

coal-

fields became the principal locating

influence on

the setting up of new industries,

particularly, for

heavy industries. With the introduction of

other

sources of power like electricity, gas, oil,

etc. the

power factor became more flexible leading

to

dispersal and decentralization of industries.

==================

4a)

DRAW A MAP

MAP DESCRIPTION

-fadama plain

-river sokoto

-cross river

4b)

i)presence of unique landforms

ii)presence of unique historical and

religious centres

iii)unique environmental condidtion

iv)presence of natural and artificial lake

4c)

i)unstable political factors and government

ii)inadequate maintenance of tourist centre

iii)high rate of crime rate in the country

iv)outspread of diseases

==================

(5a)

DRAW THE GRAPH

(5b)

Movement of goods and services

-Movement of people

-Development of tourism

-Opening up new lands and areas

-Generation of revenue

(5c)

-It is very costly to build and maintain

railways

-Railway transport is relatively slow in

some other areas

-Railway network is generally poor

==================

6 a )

The climate within Cross River plains is

tropical- humid with wet and dry seasons,

with average temperatures ranging between

15°C – 30°C, and the annual rainfall between

1300 – 3000 mm

==================

=============




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