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Neco 2018 Government Obj & Theory Answers – May/June Expo

By | On May 31, 2018 (6 months ago)

Neco 2018 Government Obj & Theory Questions and Answers NOW 100% AVAILABLE WITH US.
GOVERNMENT OBJ:

1-10: CECABACCCA

11-20: ADCEEBCCDE

21-30: EAABEEBBBB

31-40: DDABDEABEB

41-50: BECCEECBED

51-60: ACAAEAEAAD

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(1a)

Public opinion is defined as the nature, democratic process spurs citizens to form opinions on a number of issues. The political attitudes of these persons are often stimulated or reinforced by outside agencies a crusading newspaper, an interest group, or a government agency or official.
(1b)

(a)It is written down and usually signed by those who oversaw the document being drafted and undertake to follow same.

(b) Rights are clearly mentioned so that people who are governed by rules contained in same, know their entitlement.

(c) Minimum expectations from leaders as well as people are listed so that they may, with passing time, be updated.

(d) Promises are made to be fulfilled in future which past have rendered necessary yet difficult, even impossible.

(e) Certain areas maintaining status quo are marked out so that like above mentioned promises, they may be worked upon.

(f)Method of determining issues related to nationality, socio economic equity and welfare are set out. These are inflexible, usually.

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8a

Colonialism
Colonialism is the policy of a polity seeking to extend or

retain its authority over other people or territories,

generally with the aim of developing or exploiting them

to the benefit of the colonizing …

 

Imperialism

Imperialism

refers to political or economic control, either formally or

informally. In simple words, colonialism can be thought

to be a practice and imperialism as the idea driving the

practice.
Nationalism
Nationalism is a political, social, and economic system

characterized by the promotion of the interests of a

particular nation, especially with the aim of gaining and

maintaining sovereignty over the homeland.
Warranty chief
Warrant Chiefs, Africa. … The British appointed willing

participants or collaborators and gave them “warrants”

to act as local representatives of the British

administration among their people.

==============

10a

ETHNIC CONFLICT IN NIGERIA: CAUSES

AND SOLUTION

Nigerians are very sensitive when it comes to their ethnic

groups. An average Nigerian often sees his own tribe as

being superior to others. Ethnic conflicts are very

common and they bring about damage to lives and

properties. The key causes and solution to ethnic conflict

in Nigeria are discussed here.

Ethnic Conflict

CAUSES OF ETHNIC CONFLICT IN NIGERIA

TRIBALISM

Tribalism: Nigerians tend to segregate and discriminate

against people that are not from the same tribe. This

causes jealousy, hatred and can further cause conflict

between two or more ethnic groups.

INEQUALITY

Inequity: If it seems the government favours one ethnic

group over the other in the allocation of resources, e.g

budget allocation. The concerned tribe would feel slighted

and show their protests by acts of violence, which may

result in ethnic conflict in Nigeria.

LAND DISPUTES

Land disputes: if it happens that two states have a

dispute over the ownership of a piece of land that serves

as a boundary, there is bound to be disagreement

between the two ethnic groups.

HISTORY

History: if two ethnic groups have had a long-standing

history of conflict between each other, such is bound to

continue even in the present.

IGNORANCE

Ignorance: Many individuals live in total ignorance about

other ethnic groups. They instead dwell on rumors of the

negative things about other tribal groups apart from theirs.

This would make them develop a hatred for other tribal

groups.
SOLUTIONS TO ETHNIC CONFLICT IN

NIGERIA

SENSITISATION

Sensitization: There should be workshops to sensitize

and create awareness to the general public on the need

for national unity and patriotism.

EQUITY

Equity: the government should be careful enough to share

financial resources and otherwise, equally.

DIALOGUE

Dialogue: the two ethnic parties should employ the use of

dialogue to settle disputes.

Creation of Job opportunities

Creation of Job opportunities: there should be the

presence of an enabling environment to engage the

youths to avoid idleness. They should be adequately

trained on how to establish small and medium scale

enterprises.

INTEGRATION

Integration: platforms, where Nigerians get to learn more

about other ethnic groups, should be encouraged. This

would inculcate the spirit of unity and togetherness

among citizens.

===============

*4i)The Role of Equity Legislation*
Sometimes, the law do seems to be inconsistent with some of the laws. In other words, laws could be ambitious, that is to say that the laws are silent, and in such cases, it is incumbent on the Judge to bring in his wisdom.

This is where the Judge’s sense of honesty, fairness, justice and impartially is necessary to decides on the case. Sometimes, in the cause of deciding on such cases, the Judge will indirectly involved himself in the process of law making. That is why it is called equity legislation.
*ii)Judiciary Protects People’s Rights*
The judiciary is vested with the power of safeguarding the rights of the Nigerian citizenry. That is its supreme responsibility as the third organ of government. In the case, where the citizen’s rights is threatened, or maybe, violated by whoever, the individual has the constitution right as a Nigerian citizen to seek his protection from the Nigerian judiciary, because one major function of the judiciary is the protection of the rights of the Nigerian citizens, even foreigners, since it has to do with human rights.
*iii)Juduciary Conducts Judicial Inquiries*
More often, issues of state important do come up that normally begs for inquiries. In such a situation, court Judges are normally called upon to serve such purposes. Once Enquiry Commissions are constituted, Judges are always the people to head such commissions.

Some of the issues that warrant such inquiries could be those issues that have to do with alleged errors or sometimes, omissions on the part of government, sometimes too, on the part of some public servants. The role of Judges who head such Commissions of enquiry is to investigate on some important and 
*iv)Judiciary Special Role in a Federation*
The judiciary has more vital role to play, where a federal system of government is practice, such as the Nigerian situation. This role include, guarding the constitution and as well as arbitering disputes involving say, the federal and the state governments.
*V)Judiciary Interprets and Applies Laws*

Another functions of the judiciary is the interpretation and the application of laws to all cases. We are in the know that, judiciary disputes and as well, decides on cases brought before it. In the course of doing this, the judges can be said to have interpret and apply laws.

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